Noninvasive ventilation for acute and chronic patients with a variety of conditions
BTS/ICS GUIDELINES (2016) Ventilatory management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Thorax; 71(Suppl.2)

Aboussouan L (2013) Respiratory support in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Respir Care, 58(9):1555-8

Allison MG, Winters ME (2016) Noninvasive ventilation for the emergency physician. Emerg Med Clin; 34(1):51–62. doi:
• NIV can improve oxygenation and ventilation, prevent intubation and decrease mortality

Al Jaaly E, Fiorentino F, Reeves BC et al (2013) Effect of adding postoperative noninvasive ventilation to usual care to prevent pulmonary complications in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized controlled trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 146(4):912-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.03.014

Allison MG, Winters ME (2016) noninvasive ventilation for the emergency physician. Emerg Med Clin North Am; 34(1):51-62. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2015.08.004

Altintas N (2016) Update: non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in chronic respiratory failure due to COPD. COPD; 13(1):110-21. doi: 10.3109/15412555.2015.1043520

Amri MV, Monadi M, Heidari B et al (2016) Efficiency and outcome of non-invasive versus invasive positive pressure ventilation therapy in respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Caspian J Intern Med; 7(2):99-104.
• for COPD exacerbations, NIV reduces hospital stay and the need for intubation

Argent AC (2015) Noninvasive ventilatory support: the detail lies in the interface. Respir Care; 60(11):1708-1710

Baumann HJ (2015) The where-to-do-it of noninvasive ventilation revisited. Respir Care; 60(1): 144-146

BTS/RCP/ICS (2008) The use of non-invasive ventilation in the management of patients with COPD admitted to hospital with acute type II respiratory failure. British Thoracic Society/Royal College of Physicians/Intensive Care Society Guidelines

Bach JR (2010) Open gastrostomy for noninvasive ventilation users with neuromuscular disease. Am J Phys Med Rehab, 89, 1, 1-6
• open gastrostomy without intubation or general anesthesia improves nutrition for ventilator-dependent patients

Bach JR (2012) Noninvasive respiratory management of high level spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med; 35(2):72-80. doi: 10.1179/2045772311Y.0000000051

Baillard C (2006) Noninvasive ventilation improves preoxygenation before intubation of hypoxic patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 15, 174, 2

Bambi S, Peris A, Esquinas AM (2016) Pressure ulcers caused by masks during noninvasive ventilation. Am J Crit Care; 25(1):6. doi: 10.4037/ajcc2016906

Borel J-C, Burel B, Tamisier et al (2013) Comorbidities and mortality in hypercapnic obese under domiciliary noninvasive ventilation. PLoS One, 8, 1, e52006. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052006

Burns KEA, Adhikari NKJ, Keenan SP, Meade MO (2010) Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation as a weaning strategy for intubated adults with respiratory failure. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 8
• NIV shows a consistent, positive effect on mortality and ventilator associated pneumonia

Chakrabarti B, Calverley PMA (2011) Management of acute ventilatory failure. Postgrad Med J, 82(969): 438–445

Contou D, Fragnoli C, Córdoba-Izquierdo A et al (2014) Noninvasive ventilation for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure: intubation rate in an experienced unit. Respir Care; 59(1):2045–2052

Crummy F, Naughton MT (2007) Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for acute respiratory failure. Internal Med J, 37, 2, 112–118
• indications, contraindications and guidelines

Dai B, Kang J Yu N et al (2013) Oxygen injection site affects FIO2 during noninvasive ventilation. Respir Care; 58(10):1630-6

Dangers L, Laviolette L, Georges M et al (2017) Relieving dyspnoea by non-invasive ventilation decreases pain thresholds in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Thorax; 72(3):230-235. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-208544
• patients with ALS could become more susceptible to pain after the institution of NIV

Demoule A (2016) Changing use of noninvasive ventilation in critically ill patients: trends over 15 years in francophone countries. Int Care Med; 42(1):82-92

Denehy L, Berney S (2001) The use of positive pressure devices by physiotherapists. Eur Respir J, 17, 821-9.
• excellent overview of CPAP, IPPB and NIV

Dhand, R (2012) Aerosol therapy in patients receiving noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv, 25, 2, 63-78

Diaz O, Begin P, Torrealba B et al (2002), Effects of noninvasive ventilation on lung hyperinflation in stable hypercapnic COPD. Eur Respir J, 20, 1490–8
• NIV for severe stable hypercapnic COPD patients improves daytime blood-gases and reduces pulmonary hyperinflation and inspiratory loads.

Di Marco F, Centanni S, Bellone A (2011) Optimization of ventilator setting by flow and pressure waveforms analysis during noninvasive ventilation for acute exacerbations of COPD: a multicentric randomized controlled trial. Crit Care, 15, R283 doi:10.1186/cc10567t

Doménech-Clar R (2003) Home mechanical ventilation for restrictive thoracic diseases: effects on patient quality-of-life and hospitalizations. Respir Med, 97, 1320-1327
• home NIV improves quality of life and reduced hospitalisation!&_cdi=7138&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=5a20ae97539698a879458cb23b5ed8e7

Doménech-Clar R (2009) Adaptation and follow-up to noninvasive home mechanical ventilation: Ambulatory versus hospital. Respir Med, 102, 11, 1521-1527
• improved arterial blood gases and quality of life in patients with restrictive ventilatory disorders

Dwarakanath A, Elliott MW (2013) Noninvasive ventilation in the management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Breathe; 10:338-48

Faria DA, da Silva EM, Atallah ÁN et al (2016) Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for acute respiratory failure following upper abdominal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; (10):CD009134. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009134.pub2

Ferrer M (2009) Non-invasive ventilation after extubation in hypercapnic patients with chronic respiratory disorders: randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 374, 9695, 1082-9
• early NIV after extubation reduces mortality in hypercapnic weaning COPD patients

Ferrone G, Cipriani F, Spinazzola G et al (2013) A bench study of 2 ventilator circuits during helmet noninvasive ventilation. Respir Care, 58(9):1474-81

Flanagan KA (2016) Noninvasive ventilation in premature neonates. Adv Neonatal Care; 16(2):91-8. doi: 10.1097/ANC.0000000000000273.

Garguilo M, Lejaille M, Vaugier I et al (2016) Noninvasive mechanical ventilation improves breathing-swallowing interaction of ventilator dependent neuromuscular patients: a prospective crossover study. PLoS ONE; 11(3):e0148673. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148673.

Hannan LM, Dominelli GS, Chen Y-W et al (2014) Systematic review of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for chronic respiratory failure. Respir Med; 108(2):229-243

Huang H-B, Xu B, Liu G-Y et al (2017) Use of noninvasive ventilation in immunocompromised patients with acute respiratory failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care; 21:4. doi: 10.1186/s13054-016-1586-9.

Jaber S, Lescot T, Futier E et al (2016) Effect of noninvasive ventilation on tracheal reintubation among patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure following abdominal surgery: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA; 315(13):1345-53. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.2706

Liu J, Duan J, Linfu B et al (2016) Noninvasive ventilation intolerance: characteristics, predictors, and outcomes. Respir Care; 61(3):277-284. dol: 10.4187/respcare.04220

Maggiorelli C, Ciarleglio G, Granese V et al (2015) Integrated therapeutic strategy during noninvasive ventilation in a patient with end-stage respiratory disease. Respir Care; 60(4):e80-5

Mandal S, Arbane G, Murphy P et al (2017) Medium-term cost-effectiveness of an automated non-invasive ventilation outpatient set-up versus a standard fixed level non-invasive ventilation inpatient set-up in obese patients with chronic respiratory failure: a protocol description. BMJ Open; 5(4):e007082. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007082

Martín-González F, González-Robledo J, Sánchez-Hernández F et al (2016) Effectiveness and predictors of failure of noninvasive mechanical ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Med Intensiva; 40(1):9-17. doi: 10.1016/j.medin.2015.01.007

Moerer O, Harnisch LO, Herrmann P et al (2016) Patient-ventilator interaction during noninvasive ventilation in simulated COPD. Respir Care; 61(1):15-22. doi: 10.4187/respcare.04141

Nardi J, Leroux K, Orlikowsk D et al (2016) Home monitoring of daytime mouthpiece ventilation effectiveness in patients with neuromuscular disease. Chron Respir Dis; 13(1):67-74. doi: 10.1177/1479972315619575

Nicolini A, Ferraioli G, Ferrari-Bravo M et al (2016) Early non-invasive ventilation treatment for respiratory failure due to severe community-acquired pneumonia. Clin Respir J; 10(1):98-103. doi: 10.1111/crj.12184

Nicolini A, Barlascini C, Piroddi IM et al (2016) Effectiveness and safety of mouthpiece ventilation and nocturnal non-invasive ventilation in patients with kyphoscoliosis: Short and long-term outcomes after an episode of acute respiratory failure. Rev Port Pneumol (2006); 22(2):75-81. doi: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2015.09.009

Nuccio PF (2015) What is the potential role of transcutaneous carbon dioxide in guiding acute noninvasive ventilation? Respir Care; 60(4):623-624

Olivieri C, Carenzo L, Vignazia GL et al (2015) Does noninvasive ventilation delivery in the ward provide early effective ventilation? Respir Care; 60(1):6-11

Olivieri C, Longhini F, Cena T et al (2016) New versus conventional helmet for delivering noninvasive ventilation: a physiologic, crossover randomized study in critically ill patients. Anesthesiology; 124(1):101-108

Özlem ÇG, Ali A, Fatma U et al (2015) Comparison of helmet and facial mask during noninvasive ventilation in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled study. Turk J Med Sci; 45(3):600-6
• helmet is slower to decrease PaCO2 in hypercapnic patients

Ozsancak Ugurlu A, Sidhom SS, Khodabandeh A et al (2016) Use and outcomes of noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure in different age groups. Respir Care; 61(1):36-43. doi: 10.4187/respcare.03966

Peng L, Ren PW, Liu XT et al (2016) Use of noninvasive ventilation at the pulmonary infection control window for acute respiratory failure in AECOPD patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on GRADE approach. Medicine (Baltimore); 95(24):e3880. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000003880

Rettig JS (2016) Waiting to exhale: optimizing noninvasive synchrony in COPD? Respir Care; 61(1):122-4. doi: 10.4187/respcare.04573

Saddawi-Konefka D, Hung SL, Kacmarek RM et al (2015) Optimizing mask ventilation: literature review and development of a conceptual framework. Respir Care; 60(12):1834-1840

Salturk C, Karakurt Z, Takir HB et al (2015) Comparison of exercise capacity in COPD and other etiologies of chronic respiratory failure requiring non-invasive mechanical ventilation at home: retrospective analysis of 1-year follow-up. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis; 10:2559-69. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S91950

Sancho J, Servera E, Bańuls P et al (2015) Predictors of need for noninvasive ventilation during respiratory tract infections in medically stable, non-ventilated subjects with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Respir Care; 60(4):492-497

Savi A, Maccari JG, Tonietto TF et al (2013) Influence of inspired oxygen concentration on PaCO2 during noninvasive ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respir Care; 59(3):383-387. doi: 10.4187/respcare.02816

Struik FM, Lacasse Y, Goldstein RS et al (2014) Nocturnal noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in stable COPD: A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. Respir Med; 108(2):329-337

Tang Q, Qin G (2016) Therapeutic effect of long-term noninvasive positive pressure ventilation on stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 41(3):319-27. doi: 10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2016.03.015
• NIV increases exercise tolerance, increases PaO2, reduces PaCO2, reduces the decline in lung function and reduces mortality in people with stable COPD

van Oppen JD, Daniel PS, Sovani MP et al (2015) What is the potential role of transcutaneous carbon dioxide in guiding acute noninvasive ventilation? Respir Care; 60(4):484-491

Vaschetto R, De Jong A, Conseil M et al (2014) Comparative evaluation of three interfaces for non-invasive ventilation: a randomized cross-over design physiologic study on healthy volunteers. Crit Care; 18:R2

Vaudan S, Ratano D, Beuret P et al (2015) Impact of a dedicated noninvasive ventilation team on intubation and mortality rates in severe COPD exacerbations. Respir Care; 60(10):1404-1408

Visscher MO, White CC, Jones JM et al (2015) Face masks for noninvasive ventilation: fit, excess skin hydration, and pressure ulcers. Respir Care; 60(11):1536-1547

Ward K, Horobin H (2012) Does the application of an algorithm for non-invasive ventilation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease improve the initiation process and patient outcomes? Physiother, 98, 2, 151-159

Westhoff M, Schönhofer B, Neumann P et al (2015) Noninvasive mechanical ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure. Pneumologie; 69(12):719-756

Xu X, Yuan B, Liang Q et al (2016) Noninvasive ventilation for acute lung injury a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Heart Lung; 45(3):249-57. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2016.02.005

BTS = British Thoracic Society
CPAP = continuous positive airways pressure
Doxapram = respiratory stimulant drug
IPPB = intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPPV = intermittent positive pressure ventilation
NIPPV = non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (i.e. NIV)
NIV = non-invasive ventilation
RCP = Royal College of Physicians