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• transdermal fentanyl shows decreased pain and less side effects than IV morphine by PCA

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• yes

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4

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• impaired oxygenation is prevalent and prolonged following CABG, with equal intensity whether the patient is cooled during surgery or not.
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video on CABG for patients
www.nhs.uk/video/pages/medialibrary.aspx?Page=2&Filter=&Id={D7206249-998D-4A4F-859A-A7D0310779E1}&Tag=Heart+and+lungs&Title=NHS+VIDEOS+|+Heart+bypass%3a+animation&Uri=video%2f2008%2fOctober%2fPages%2fAnimationheartbypass.aspx


ACPRC = Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Respiratory Care
CABG = coronary artery bypass graft
GFR = glomerular filtration rate
IV = intravenous
MI = myocardial infarction
NICE = National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
PCA = patient-controlled analgesia